ARTICLES

ISRO: Creating Bonds with the Galaxies

Indian Space Research Organization is an agency that brings immense pride in the hearts of Indians. Its contribution to national development through space technology is worth acknowledgement. Plunging into the history of ISRO, it was started in the year 1969 by Mr. Vikram Sarabhai, a scientist. It is headquartered in Bangalore, Karnataka. The formation of this agency brought about organization into the space activities that were carried out in India. Since its inception, their direction of progress only moved forward. Managed by the Department of Space (DoS) of the Indian Government, their capabilities in the world of space science were commemorated when they launched their first satellite, Aryabhata in the year 1975.

ISRO functions with the primary goal of developing space technology in order to apply it in the several tasks in the nation. With the improvement of the Indian economy, the advancements in space technology were evidently visible. They launched about 11 satellites in the year 2008; which is quite an achievement for any space agency. ISRO is the only space organization in the entire world to land on mars in the very first attempt. Moreover, their total budget was around $450 crores only. This amount is a lot lesser than the amount spent on making the movie ‘Gravity’.

Facts about ISRO:

  • ISROs budget for the past 40 years is equal to NASA’s one year budget.
  • ISRO ranks among the six agencies in the entire world that can launch satellites in their own soil.
  • ISRO created ‘Bhuvan’ which is an Indian version of Google Earth.
  • ISRO has 13 centers in the country.
  • ISRO is in the process of setting up a training centre in order to train students into becoming astronauts. It will be located in Bangalore.
  • As of today, ISRO has been successful in 23 consecutive PSLV launches.
  • ISRO has launched 65 national and 29 foreign satellites so far.
  • Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was the director of project SLV-3, India’s first satellite launch vehicle.
  • The 1981 Apple satellite was transported in a bull cart. Look at how far they’ve come!

ISRO is something that should make every Indian proud as ever. They built what they need instead of buying them which is commendable and shows great intelligence and passion from the team. Although they have made a name for themselves in the nation, quite a lot of Indians are oblivious to their hard work and achievement. Let take a little effort in acknowledging their work by simply keeping ourselves informed of their work and progress in the world of space technology and more!

NASA: Space Exploration Done Right

You’ve heard the name before. You know them from the many movies based on the outer space. This organization has built a foundation strong enough for its name to be deeply etched in the world of Hollywood. NASA, short for National Aeronautics and Space Administration, is an independent space agency of the executive branch of the US federal government. They are in charge of space programs, aeronautics and space research. It was established in the year 1958 by President Dwight D. Eisenhower. It was more civilian than military in its approach. The Apollo moon-landing missions, Skylab space station, and Space Shuttle etc. are some of the space exploration projects they have been undertaking.

NASA has picked up pace in such a way that a significant amount of the federal budget is dedicated to their research and projects. The NASA’s administrator is expected to report directly to the President and all decisions such as discontinuation of a project etc. will be taken by the President itself. They have an extensive area for research in order to be successful in their space missions. There are several facilities of NASA but John. F. Kennedy Space Center is one of the most popular facilities. NASA has dedicated years of space research and work towards sending people to the moon, discovering the nature of the other planets, the cosmic atmosphere and so much more. It has been effective and a relevant source for all space-related information.

Here are some interesting facts about NASA:

  • Before NASA, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics saw to the scientific study of flight.
  • In 1997, the Mars Pathfinder landed on Mars.
  • NASA has had several manned and unmanned programs since its existence.
  • NASA admitted to recording over the moon landing tape. However, CNN and certain other organizations still had a copy.
  • Orion is NASAs latest manned spaceship. The first mission will be initiated in 2021.
  • In 2016, after a five-year long journey, the June space probe finally entered the Jupiter’s orbit.

NASA is a worldwide name in aeronautics and space; and why not? Their discoveries, studies and missions have got us all set in awe. They have made a fair share of mistakes and have come a long way; to a point where they send people to the moon, launch satellites and train astronauts and scientists to achieve great heights.